December 14, 2023

Understanding Erectile Dysfunction: Causes and Symptoms

Understanding Erectile Dysfunction: Causes and Symptoms

Erectile dysfunction, often shortened to “ED”, defined as the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. ED is an incredibly common condition that affects millions of men worldwide. In the Philippines alone, it is estimated that over 300,000 men in the Philippines experience ED, with likelihood increasing with age.

The impact of ED on men's lives is multifaceted. It can lead to feelings of inadequacy, embarrassment, and a loss of self-esteem. ED can also strain relationships and negatively impact the overall quality of life. While ED can be a source of embarrassment and frustration for men and their partners, it is important to remember that it is a treatable condition. Thus, more and more men have opted to use medications such as Viagra in the Philippines. 

However, what are the causes and symptoms of erectile dysfunction? Let’s get to the bottom of it.

Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

It’s important to note that ED is characterized by a decrease in blood flow to the penis or a limitation in the penis’ nerve function. Therefore, there are a number of factors that can contribute to the development of ED. These factors can be broadly categorized into physical and psychological causes.

Physical Causes of ED 

Physical causes of ED are often related to underlying medical conditions that affect blood flow to the penis or damage the nerves responsible for erection. Some of the most common physical causes of ED include:

  • Age: ED is more common in older men due to age-related changes in blood vessels and nerves.
  • Heart disease: Heart disease can damage blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the penis.
  • Diabetes: Diabetes can damage nerves responsible for erectile function.
  • High blood pressure: High blood pressure can also damage blood vessels supplying the penis.
  • Medications: Certain medications, such as antidepressants and blood pressure medications, can have ED as a side effect.
  • Lifestyle factors: Smoking, obesity, and excessive alcohol consumption can contribute to ED by affecting blood flow and overall health.

Psychological Causes of ED

Psychological factors can also play a significant role in ED. These factors often involve stress, anxiety, or depression, which can interfere with the psychological processes necessary for achieving and maintaining an erection.

Symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction

While the most common symptom of ED is the not being able to get or keep an erection firm enough for sex, other symptoms may include:

  • Weak erections
  • Loss of erections
  • Difficulty maintaining an erection during sex
  • Lower sexual desire or “libido”
  • Hard time finishing
  • Pain during sex

ED in the Philippines

ED is very common in the Philippines. A study published in the Asian Journal of Andrology found that the prevalence of ED among Filipino men is over 65%. This is significantly higher than anywhere else in the world, which is estimated to be as low as 3% in some nations. However, it also can affect much younger men. This is likely due to a number of factors, including the widespread diabetes and heart disease in the country.

If you are experiencing ED, it is important to see your doctor to get a diagnosis and treatment plan. While this can be embarrassing for some, it is important that there is some type of screening to ensure that your treatment options are safe to use. There are a number of effective treatments available for ED, including medications, lifestyle changes, and counseling.

Treatment for ED will vary depending on the underlying cause. In some cases, lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking or losing weight, may be all that is needed. In other cases, medication, such as Viagra, may be prescribed. If medication is not effective, other treatments, such as surgery or vacuum pumps, may be considered.

Viagra (Sildenafil) in the Philippines has been available since 1999. It is a medication that is commonly used to treat ED by increasing blood flow to the penis, which can help to create and maintain an erection. However, Viagra in the Philippines is only available as a prescription medication.

Awareness and Open Communication

Open communication with a healthcare professional is crucial for effectively managing ED. Men should not hesitate to discuss their concerns and seek help. Early diagnosis and treatment can significantly improve outcomes and prevent complications.

Creating awareness about ED and destigmatizing the condition can encourage men to seek help without feeling embarrassed or ashamed. Open communication among partners can also foster understanding, support, and a more fulfilling sexual relationship.


If you are experiencing ED, it is important to remember that you are not alone. There are many men who share your condition. With awareness and treatment, you can overcome ED and enjoy a healthy and satisfying sex life.


Frequently Asked Questions

Can I buy Viagra over the counter in the Philippines?
Viagra Philippines-wide is strictly regulated as a prescription medication. It is not available over the counter, and purchasing it without a valid prescription is against the law. This regulatory framework ensures that the drug is used under medical supervision to prevent the potential health risks associated with unsupervised use.
How long does Viagra last?
Viagra usually lasts for about 4 to 5 hours after taking it. However, its effectiveness can vary depending on individual factors such as metabolism, age, and overall health.
Will Viagra make me bigger?
There is a common misconception that Viagra can increase penis size; however, this is not the case. Viagra's mechanism is to facilitate blood flow to help achieve and maintain an erection, but it does not affect the permanent size of the penis. For concerns about size, consulting with a healthcare provider is recommended for appropriate guidance and information.

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